Us Renewable Energy Policy – Many governments have adopted policies to keep their promises of significant progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing the use of clean and renewable energy.
This map is a summary of federal policies enacted thus far through legislative and executive actions. The table shown below the map lists the decisions of each jurisdiction summarized on the map.
Readers should notify NRRI of any changes to maps and tables. Email or call NRRI staff for corrections or updates.
Map source (updated August 30, 2021): US Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Energy Efficiency Resource Standards [Web page, retrieved August 2021]; National Clean Energy Coalition,
[web page] and District of Columbia Code, §34–1432 – Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard; The National Assembly of Parliament,
[website, updated on August 13, 2021]; North Carolina Clean Energy Center Technology, Innovation and Efficiency Incentives Database;
Pursuant to Arkansas Code § 23-4-422, public utilities (natural gas or electric) may apply for and the commission approves economic development rates that meet certain conditions.
Commissioners, in a public session in January, voted 3-2 that the Arizona Electric Company will not push for energy regulations that would require Arizona electric companies to be 100% carbon neutral by 2070. Relevant documentation is available on the Corporation Commission website at https://edocket. .azcc.gov. Enter port number RU-00000A-18-0284.
33% by December 31, 2020, 50% by December 31, 2026 and 60% renewable energy by December 31, 2030. 100% renewable and non-carbon resources for electricity purchases from 2045 (California 100% Clean Energy Act 2018)
For 2019, Colorado HB19-1261 set emission reduction goals of 50% by 2030 and 90% by 2050 from 2005 levels.
2019 SB19-236 Provides 100% clean energy by 2050 to utilities serving more than 500,000 customers in the state.
RPS Act Effective September 2021, C.R.S. 40-2-124, contains standards for eligible commercial vehicles (IOU and PUC regulators) to provide 30% of commercial sales, including distribution of at least 3% after 2020. Until 2020, the threshold below 10% applies to homes and small cities.
More than 24 new laws related to clean and renewable energy and greenhouse gas policies were passed in Colorado’s 2021 legislative session.
CT Gen Stat § 22a-200a requires greenhouse gas emissions “at a level that is at least 80% lower than the level emitted in 2001 after January 1, 2050.”
Connecticut Public Law 21-181 sets new, higher standards for low-carbon blends of all heating oil sold in the state, requiring at least 10% biodiesel before 2025 and increasing it to 50% or more by 2035.
The Governing Council on Climate Change (GC3), in accordance with Operational Directive 3 of 2019, “will monitor and report on the government’s progress in implementing carbon reduction strategies, develop and report on the effects of the implementation of climate change on sectors such as infrastructure, agriculture, natural resources and public health”. GC3 published the “Closed Operations Report” in January 2021.
Executive Order 3 of 2019 directs the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) to “analyze and recommend strategies to achieve 100% carbon neutrality in the energy sector by 2040.”
Proposition SB 133 of 2021 passed in February. The new law would also increase Delaware’s RPS annually from 21% in 2021 to 40% in 2035. The RPS includes a solar PV split of 2.5% in 2021 and will increase annually to 10% until 2035. RPS The cost applicable to each service is determined by the council and the municipal utility. The Commission will adopt the rule “for the compliance year 2036 and every year thereafter”.
The Omnibus Clean Energy DC Amendment Act of 2018 calls for 50% of 2006 levels by 2032 and zero carbon by 2050.
DC RPS requires 80% by 2029 and 100% by 2032. Solar cells will grow every year. By 2041, more than 10% of the Earth’s electricity consumption should come from Earth-generated solar energy.
The DC Department of Energy and Environment invites the people of the planet to participate in the development of DC’s zero-carbon plan by 2050.
Hawaii passed Senate Resolution 44 by a close vote in both houses of the state legislature on April 29, “requesting national cooperation to declare a climate emergency and take appropriate diversionary and emergency actions to restore safe weather.”
HB 552 in 2021 sets a state transportation goal for Hawaii state agencies to achieve zero-emission transportation by the end of 2035. Beginning in January 2022, all modern race cars will be zero-emission.
SB932 in 2021 establishes “a clean energy fund with unmatched ability to convert funds to finance a wide range of clean energy technologies.” These funds are administered by the Hawaii Green Infrastructure Authority.
In Public Law 102-0662 of 2021, the Illinois General Assembly states that it is state policy to “promote the development and application of the clean energy necessary to combat climate change” (p. 67). The General Assembly also states that “the state’s policy is to rapidly transition to 100% clean energy by 2050” (p. 249).
The Illinois RPS, as amended in 2021, requires utilities and commercial alternative energy providers (ARES) to meet a 40% clean and renewable energy supply by 2040.
In August 2020, Governor Pritzker announced eight principles for Illinois’ clean economy and innovation. Above all
He calls for Illinois to be “on the path to 100% clean energy by 2050” and to “activate and decentralize” the state’s transportation sector.
Illinois joined the United States under Executive Order 2019-06. The Climate Alliance representing commitments similar to the Paris Agreement.
80% of commercial electricity sales by 2030, 100% by 2050. (Amended Statutes, Title 35-A: Part 3: Chapter 32, §3210, as amended by Public Law 477 of 2019)
28% by 2020, 40% by 2025, 50% by 2030, 14.5% from Tier I resources and 35.5% from other Tier I resources (Maryland RPS Program Review in DSIRE database. Last updated May 2021)
The 2021 report, the 2030 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Plan, calls for reducing greenhouse gases “to nearly 50% by 2030, and…by 2045…a zero-emissions economy…”.
Greenhouse gas emission levels are set every five years from 2025 to 2050. The 2050 cap “reaches net zero” and is 85% below 1990 levels.
Sectoral greenhouse gas limitations include electricity generation, transportation, home heating and cooling, industrial processes, air distribution, and utilities.
Municipal lighting utilities must set greenhouse gas limits for all retail sales and reach 50% carbon-free energy by 2030, 75% carbon-free energy by 2040 and carbon-free energy by 2050.
Criteria for retention and renewal. RPS is set at 35% in 2030 and 1% a year after that.
Massachusetts has a Clean Energy Standard first enacted in 2017 and a Peak Clean Energy Standard first enacted in 2018.
Massachusetts has passed a “bill to create a next-generation road map for Massachusetts climate policy.” Each of the five-year greenhouse gas emission limits “shall be accompanied by the publication of a comprehensive, clear and specific road map for meeting the limits ”.
Several sections of the new law took effect in June 2021, 90 days after it was signed by Governor Charlie Baker on March 26, 2021.
The new law (§1A) in its decision “safety, security, reliability of service, cost, fairness and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions…” it states a government effort called MassSave to include “.
On Earth Day 2021, Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer announced that “state buildings will use 100% renewable energy by 2025.”
In Decision Case Number U-20763 dated April 21, 2021, the Michigan PSC ruled that the Michigan Environmental Protection Act (MEPA) allows parties to present evidence of climate change at pipeline and construction site meetings.
In addition to case number U-20633, the Commission’s order dated February 18, 2021. Future IRPs will guide utilities to submit GHG reduction plans.
Governor Whitmer’s Executive Order 2020-10 directed the State Department of Climate and Energy to develop, publish and monitor “the State’s Action Plan to End Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Reduce the Transition to a Carbon Neutral Economy.” Executive Order 2020-182 creates a broadcasting advisory committee.
The omnibus bill, passed by the Minnesota Special Legislative Council in June 2021, contains several provisions related to renewable energy and climate action. Article 20 [216B.2427, p. 117 et seq.] known as the National Gas Reform Act. The Minnesota PUC is authorized to approve cost savings for a five-year renewable energy project that reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Acceptable expenditures include research and development of new technologies, pilot projects, renewable natural gas, carbon capture, regional energy, energy versus energy, energy versus hydro, and strategic motivation. Section 27 (p. 139) requires the MN-PUC to “establish a process to consider changes to the natural gas regulatory structure and policy necessary to meet or exceed Minnesota’s greenhouse gas reduction goals.”
Minnesota Governor Tim Waltz founded Climate Change as executive director from 1937-19.
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