Renewable Energy Directive – Analysis of performance characteristics of Ni-V and Ni-V-Bn(H) piston cylinders at different in-cylinder temperatures installed in an air-cooled engine.
Stochastic and Fuzzy Models – A Debate on the Reliability of a Large European Hospital Power Supply System
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Received: January 4, 2022 / Modified: January 24, 2022 / Accepted: January 25, 2022 / Published: January 29, 2022
This article examines the adoption of renewable energy in the children’s climate package considering the value of green consumer products in Poland. The research problem presented in this article is related to the measurement of consumer values in relation to the green concept; Including customer confirmation of available offers from real businesses. In addition, consumer demand is important to ensure the adoption of renewable energy, which provides opportunities for its production in the conditions of the Fit 55 climate package. statistical tests. The study is presented in several sections with detailed presentation of secondary and primary data. The main result of the study is based on the primary data using a structured questionnaire in Poland and 557 collected samples. These days, the responsibility also lies with the consumer, because green consumption includes green production. The study concludes that Polish consumers have a good level of adoption of RES based on the current state of green energy in Poland, which can lead to sustainability and benefit government policymakers, companies and consumers.
Weather package; Renewable energy source (RES); European Green Business; Green customer value for climate package; Renewable energy source (RES); European Green Business; Green customer value
Poland has a special historical dependence on coal energy. Therefore, the transition to renewable energy is very difficult and expensive. According to the estimates of the European Commission, the energy supply in Poland amounts to 240 billion euros . The Polish government is trying to finance the Just Transition Fund (JTF) specifically for the development of the transition period. According to a study conducted in Poland on future main sources of electricity, dependence on fossil fuels, mainly coal and gas, will continue until 2040 . However, a commensurate change in fossil fuel use will be evident with a focus on sources that bring fossil fuels to zero between now and 2040, including the implementation of all renewable energy sources . Data analyzed by NASA showed that increasing levels of carbon dioxide, mainly carbon dioxide, must be addressed. This rate has increased for 13 years, from 2006 to 2019. Co now
An accumulation of about 411 ppm would result in a 1.1 °C increase in global surface temperatures compared to pre-industrial (late 19th century) levels.
Countries have decided to reduce carbon emissions. In the adaptation process, Germany is implementing a plan to reduce carbon emissions by at least 80% by 2050 and has developed a roadmap for the implementation of this process . Carbon dioxide, which is produced from energy (CO
Emissions account for the largest share of GHG emissions and today account for 85% of the total GHG emissions in Germany . The European Union has shown consistent success in climate and environmental protection. Policies related to the development of the energy sector, which prioritize the achievement of the goals set by the European Commission, are the most important means of promoting green energy. The goals set out in the European Green Deal documents go beyond the scope of the Paris Agreement. The European Union aims to be climate neutral by 2050. These goals are compatible with the environmental perspective and should have the coordinated support of political parties, as well as greater coordination with the goals related to the development of economic infrastructure, taking into account the social conditions of the member states. Due to the crisis of COVID-19, the recession in the European economy took place, the economic problems are still ongoing and visible in the life of society.
Meanwhile, questions are being raised about the current situation. One such question is related to the importance and level of priority that member states assign to the climate, and another is the implementation of the transition in the energy sector. The implementation of the energy transition requires an unconditional effort in terms of convincing the communities and countries involved in the development and implementation of the policy . Trends in Poland’s energy sector so far show encouragement from the government, although the energy sector is also in crisis. This exacerbated the growing economic and political problems associated with the high cost of domestic energy production of coal and lignite and accelerated the decline in the use of these raw materials. The government department for the energy sector has negotiated with trade unions in 2020 and decided to switch from coal to energy production in Poland . An independent scientific advisory panel has been established under European climate law and a “carbon budget” has been implemented to oversee the process of setting emission reduction targets for 2040. The “Fit for 55” package also includes recommendations for EU reforms. A comprehensive climate and energy policy to 2030, including laws on energy efficiency, land and forest use, renewable energy, new vehicle emissions and energy tax guidelines. The carbon trading system should be reformed according to this proposal.
The financing of the European Green Deal will be reinforced by a green financial strategy and, according to von der Leyen’s ideas, large public funds will be used for research and innovation. It is worth noting that the European Green Deal was partially supported by the European Union. The budget and the next generation of the European Union. The WHO recently announced new air quality recommendations (previously announced in 2005) that governments can base their decisions on. Importantly, ultrafine particles are included in the record for the first time. Unfortunately, the conclusions of the recommendations are disappointing – almost 100% of the population lives in places where the level of pollution exceeds the norm. Air pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels, oil and coal is one of the biggest threats to humans and has deadly consequences. Therefore, it is important to change energy sources. In addition, current models predict that catastrophic meteorological events such as wildfires and hurricanes will increase. Therefore, humanity has no choice but to switch to clean energy. Unfortunately, coal fires – not only in Poland, but also in Australia – are very powerful and affect government decisions .
The development of renewable energy and resource exploration is at a stage of development, in which the countries of the European Union (EU) are more involved in making decisions on the implementation of strategies to achieve the goals of the “European Green Deal”  and are committed to the sources use renewable energy (RE) more. Sustainable use of energy is the main goal of Polish regional authorities. This goal helps to transition from coal energy production to NOB . Sustainable development is only possible through joint efforts to implement RES; Although it is difficult, it is the only way to reduce costs to create a workable model [7, 8]. Implementation of climate policy in the European Union. is the main motivation for Poland to revive its energy sector and switch to traditional energy sources . The development of the world economy depends more on energy
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