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Posted at September 22nd, 2022 | Categorised in Renewable Energy

Nyc Renewable Energy Companies – When you turn on a light or charge your phone, electricity from an outlet can travel hundreds of miles through a network that covers most of North America, the world’s largest machine and one of the most eccentric.

Your home could be powered by Niagara Falls or a natural gas power plant on a barge in Brooklyn. But the kilowatt-hours produced in the block are probably more expensive than the kilowatt-hours produced at the Canadian border.

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Moreover, a surprising part of the system is inactive, except on the hottest days of the year, when narrow transmission lines to the New York area reach their physical limits.

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“We have a system that is not energy efficient because it was never designed to be efficient,” said Richard L. Kauffman, the state’s self-styled energy czar, who is leading plans to overhaul the power grid.

This is like a mainframe in the age of cloud computing, Kauffman added, and with climate change, the country must “rethink the architecture of the state”.

In 1882 piles of coal were transported by horse-drawn wagon to the New York Edison Electric Illuminating Company’s power plant on Pearl Street in Lower Manhattan, where a “jumbo” steam engine (named after PT Barnum’s elephant) drove a generator. This produced electricity that travels to homes and businesses in about one square mile, lighting up the living room for the first time without the use of a match.

A few years later, a hydroelectric plant on the Niagara River using Nikola Tesla’s design and equipment provided by George Westinghouse helped turn Buffalo into an industrial power plant.

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Today, hundreds of power plants, mostly private, produce electricity. Each of them differs in the cost of construction and operation, the amount of energy it can produce, its speed and efficiency. Unlike other states that don’t have access to a wide variety of resources, New York offers a full menu of options.

Coal, the original fuel, is on its way out. The country announced its intention to close the remaining plants or convert to natural gas, which is now cheap and plentiful.

In 2015, 64 plants that use natural gas produced nearly half of the state’s electricity, according to the New York Independent System Operator, a nonprofit organization that regulates energy distribution and markets.

Four nuclear power plants account for about a third. Although nuclear waste disposal remains a problem, the country wants to subsidize top-tier nuclear power plants because of the stable and carbon-free power they provide. But Governor Andrew M. Cuomo’s recent decision to force the closure of the Indian Point power plant in suburban Westchester County has raised questions about the state’s ability to meet its clean energy goals, and how it will compensate for the electricity provided by the plant.

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There are 180 hydroelectric power plants in New York, which generate 19% of the state’s electricity and remain key to generating clean energy.

By 2030, Cuomo wants half of the electricity used in the state to come from renewable sources here or imported from places like Canada and New England.

According to the latest figures, less than a quarter of the electricity produced in New York comes from renewable sources.

Although there are tens of thousands of residential and commercial solar power systems, only one utility-scale solar PV plant is included in Nyiso’s solar generation estimate.

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The wind is more successful and the country pushes more; about thirty wind farms are planned in the north of the country. And the country recently approved the nation’s largest offshore wind farm, which can power 50,000 homes on Long Island by the end of 2022. A second location near the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens is in the works but a few years.

The cost of building wind and solar farms has fallen, but these energy sources are intermittent. Until more storage is connected to the grid, such as batteries or hydroelectric plants that pump water into reservoirs to store energy for later use, additional generators must be available to supplement solar and wind power.

A standard part of the electricity arsenal includes generators called “peakers”, which are necessary to maintain the reliability of the grid but can only operate for a few days a year. New York City has about 16 such power plants, mostly around the waterfront, which are activated on the hottest days of the year or when transmission lines or power plants go down. Several sit on the boat and all are designed to light up quickly. The trade-off for quick response is usually high costs and carbon emissions.

As a result, customers are paying for equipment and cables they “barely use”, says Mr Kauffman, the energy czar.

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Inside a $38 million control room near Albany, a team of seven employees from the New York-based independent system operator is still on duty, monitoring the electricity flowing through the utility’s grid. Country and from and to neighboring networks.

Nyiso (pronounced NIGH-jadi) is one of the 36 entities responsible for the Eastern Interconnector, one of the three main networks in the country that stretches from the Rocky Mountains to the East Coast in the United States and Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia in Canada.

Unlike water, electricity cannot be stored in a bucket. As batteries grow, most of the electricity is consumed as they are created.

The team is constantly calculating how much energy is needed and which plants can produce it at the lowest cost. Every five minutes, the computer system instructs the factory to increase or decrease production to ensure that enough electricity is available to keep the lights on without overloading the transmission cables. If the system is unbalanced or the power flow is unstable, it can damage equipment or cause power outages.

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Operators undergo psychological assessments to ensure they can handle stress and spend a week each year in a simulation laboratory to prepare for a storm or cyberattack. But tree limbs are enemy number one, as Gretchen Bakke points out in her book “The Grid: The Broken Wires Between Americans and Our Energy Future”.

In 2003, the nation’s worst power outage began with a downed power line in Ohio that was shorted after hitting a tree limb. A series of human errors and computer glitches left about 50 million people in the dark from New York to Toronto and cost the United States economy about $6 billion.

Jon Sawyer, chief operator of the Nyiso system, said today that the computer system receives 50,000 data points every six seconds and operators monitor regional activity on a 2,300-square-foot video wall. Mandatory reliability standards have been introduced for thousands of entities involved in the operation of the nation’s power system.

The biggest daily variable is the weather. Storms can flood facilities, and sunny, hot days can cause transformers to overheat and require customers to turn on the air conditioning.

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Relying on the sun and wind means relying more on the weather, as the weather becomes less predictable. Nyiso has developed advanced tools using climate data to predict how much power each wind farm will produce and find ways to stabilize the system if the wind suddenly dies, Sawyer said. He is working on methods to monitor cloud cover and other conditions that affect the performance of solar panels.

The system’s backbone is 11,124 miles of high-voltage power lines above and below ground that provide power to the local grid. Unlike water pipes, transmission lines are not hollow and can overheat or shut down if too much current passes through them.

Since most of the electricity is generated in sparsely populated areas, some of the lines that carry it during peak demand can be blocked.

Nearly 60% of the country’s electricity is consumed in the New York area, where only 40% is generated.

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“New York is a baby for congestion,” said Bill Booth, a senior adviser to the US Energy Information Administration.

To avoid bottlenecks, grid operators can activate more expensive or less efficient generators closer to the point of demand. Imagine paying more for a carton of milk at the wine bar next door than at the supermarket 12 blocks away.

The country is prioritizing projects that should bring more energy from wind farms and hydroelectric power plants. This need is even more pressing with the plan to close Indian Point from the beginning of 2021, because it provides around a quarter of the energy used in New York and Westchester County.

But the construction of new power lines is very unpopular. Residents don’t want high-voltage power lines in their backyards, and local power producers don’t like competition from cheaper electricity brought in from far away. Even if the line is underground, like the one that brings power to Manhattan from New Jersey through the mud of the Hudson River, federal and state permits can take years to obtain.

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Since 2008, a project has been underway to bring hydroelectricity from Quebec to New York under Lakes Champlain and Hudson.

Despite the improvements, the transport network is aging. More than 80% of the line was active before 1980 and Nyiso

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