National Renewable Energy Laboratory Location – The NARIS report aims to inform grid planners, utilities, industry, policy makers and other stakeholders about the challenges and opportunities of integrating large-scale onshore wind, solar and hydro energy systems to support a future low carbon grid.
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released the results of the five-year North American Renewable Integration Study (NARIS), which aims to inform grid planners, utilities, industry, policymakers and other stakeholders about the challenges and opportunities on for integration. the supercontinent system. the amount of wind, solar and hydro energy to support a low carbon grid in the future.
The study explored a number of future scenarios and considered the potential impacts on costs, productivity, resource adequacy and specific technologies. The analysis specifically focused on the potential role of collaboration across North America and between regions within each country and how distribution can support a diverse distribution of supply and demand across the continent.
NREL produced a report on the US approach in conjunction with the US Department of Energy and a companion report describing the Canadian approach in conjunction with Natural Resources Canada.
The results show that a future North American low-carbon grid can be achieved through multiple approaches that can balance supply and demand using a variety of flexible resources. The study also shows that increasing electricity trade and expanding transmission could be very profitable, pointing to opportunities for an interconnected low-carbon continental grid.
Conclusion 1: Multiple pathways could lead to an 80 per cent reduction in the energy sector across the continent by 2050. Faster reductions in the costs of wind and solar technologies could lead to a rapid and cost-effective transition and carbon targets could still be met in the conservative wind e. solar cost ideas In terms of the total system costs of achieving an 80% reduction in gas emissions in the energy sector, wind and solar cost trajectories have a greater impact than carbon policy assumptions.
Conclusion 2: A future low carbon energy system can balance supply and demand under various future conditions. For each NARIS baseline scenario, NREL estimated the number of hours during the year that supply is not expected to meet demand in the area, as well as the shortages that could occur due to generator or supply outages. For the United States and Canada, these measurements compare favorably with the North American Energy Reliability Agency’s estimates for the modern grid, meaning that the conditions analyzed in NARIS will not fundamentally affect capacity the power system to balance supply and demand.
The US report says that by 2050, between 1,200 and 2,000 gigawatts of renewable energy could be used to generate 70%-80% of US electricity, meeting planned storage needs. Oil production (nuclear, gas and coal) has been seen to contribute significantly to the ability of the future energy system to balance supply and demand under all conditions, even when most of the energy produced comes from wind and solar. Storage can also help provide capacity to the system, the report says.
In Canada, water, gas and wind technologies were believed to contribute most to the system’s future ability to balance supply and demand. Oil production would provide 5%-10% of the energy in all cases in 2050, but would still represent more than a quarter of winter planning funds in most cases.
The report says that between 1,200 and 2,000 gigawatts of renewable energy could be used in the United States.
However, existing market structures may not support these generators operating in this way, the report said. Part of this contribution from oil production can be replaced by hydropower or new storage. Hydropower will continue to provide nearly half of Canada’s projected storage needs by 2050; The expansion of hydropower could potentially contribute more, especially in the future with high demand for electricity.
Finding 3: Regional and international cooperation can deliver significant Internet system benefits up to 2050. Allowing global broadcast expansion was found to provide $10 to $30 billion (based on 2018 dollars) of net value to the continental system between 2020 and 2050 all but the business-as-usual scenario, the most conservative of the baseline scenarios.
Expanding distribution across regions of the country could provide $60 billion to $180 billion in net benefits for the system. Although these values are less than 4% of the total costs of $5 trillion to $8 trillion (which includes all capital costs, operational production and the transmission system), it has been seen that transport plays an important role in the reduction in costs.
NARIS has shown great value in expanding transmission across North America to support the supply chain and diverse needs. These values are estimated by comparing the total cost of the system in each base case in the model run without allowing further expansion of the transfer (regional or international).
Outcome 4: Flexibility in performance comes from transmission, storage and simple operation of all types of generators. The results showed that the low carbon energy system of the future will benefit from many different types of operational flexibility. In the United States, this included flexible operation of natural gas and hydroelectricity, reduced wind and solar power generation, and storage (especially pumped electricity). Global imports, made possible by increased supply, also help balance the national grid.
In Canada, hydroelectricity, wind, solar and oil were found to be the most important sources of change. On days when Canada has high energy demand but low wind energy production, Canada would import electricity from the United States. On most days when Canadian wind is absent, the national grid would carry electricity to the United States, even as demand for electricity increases in both countries at night.
Hydropower can provide a carbon-free source of energy, capacity and flexibility for the national grid. Compared to such conditions and without the possibility of regulating the electrical power of the US hydroelectric generators. and Canada, annual system costs would have been $2.3 billion higher without this change.
Subsequent work can focus on studying the stability aspect of the energy system’s reliability, analyzing new scenarios that reflect today’s targets for reducing emissions and technological costs, understanding the impact of different structures on creating new supply and production and on improving demand for electricity. systems and flexible sources are modeled on the basis of distributed power in the future.
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David Wagman is the editor-in-chief of pv USA magazine. David is an energy journalist and editor.
The cookie settings on this website are set to “allow cookies” to give you the best possible browsing experience. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or if you click “Accept” below, you agree to this Of all the state research laboratories in Colorado, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is considered the jewel of the crown . NREL is a one-of-a-kind laboratory that conducts research to push the boundaries of renewable energy technology. Many other government energy laboratories across the country are a legacy of the nuclear age and continue to have some sort of mission in the area. NREL is the only facility in the Department of Energy’s portfolio that does not deal with nuclear energy in any way and is the only unit focused on developing solar, wind, biomass and other renewable energy technologies.
I admit that I was not fully prepared for the welcome I received when I entered the site. My dear husband was delighted that my name was a visiting celebrity and I did my best to accept it. This provincial girl will never be surprised by that kind of treatment. Parking under a series of solar panels that supply power to electric vehicle charging stations was a good sign for us that this station would be ahead of any energy group we have ever come across.
After a duo presentation that was an overview of NREL, we started with a tour of the office building we were in. NREL not only conducts research on how to improve renewable energy technologies such as solar, wind and biofuels, but also has a group dedicated to improving the energy efficiency of buildings. Each building is therefore designed not only to increase energy efficiency but also to test new technologies. The building we were in was a platinum level LEED building that was 50-70% more efficient than standard building regulations. All buildings are constructed with a long axis from east to west so that passive solar energy can be harnessed on their long north and south walls. The south facing windows are all protected by some form of hood or large curtains to let in natural light while keeping the summer heat out. I really liked the electronic windows, whose color can be changed at the push of a button. It had snowed the day before our visit, but I could still imagine encounters on the shaded balconies at the top of each floor.
Airflow has also been taken seriously. The roofs were sloped so that the heat could rise and escape through the upper windows. A printer and copier are placed in their room so that people are not affected by sound and smell, except for reasons.
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