United States Energy Consumption Statistics
United States Energy Consumption Statistics – U.S. dry natural gas production will average 33.5 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2020, an average of about 91.5 billion cubic feet per day, and the second largest annual volume ever recorded. Much of the production growth since 2005 has come from horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing techniques, particularly in shale, sandstone, carbonate and other hard geological formations. Natural gas is produced from onshore and offshore gas and oil wells and coal seams. In 2020, the production of dry natural gas in the United States was about 10% higher than the total consumption of natural gas in the United States.
US dry gas production in 2020 was 0.4 Tcf lower than in 2019 due to lower drilling activity driven by lower natural gas and oil prices, mainly due to lower pandemic response demand due to COVID-19. Also increasing production of liquefied natural gas from the natural gas market.
United States Energy Consumption Statistics
Five of the 34 natural gas producing states accounted for about 69% of total US dry natural gas production in 2020.
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, is a source of methane added to US natural gas. In 2019, US coal bed methane production accounted for about 3% of total dry natural gas production in the United States.
), propane-air mixtures and synthetic natural gas (natural gas produced from petroleum hydrocarbons or coal). These additional gaseous fuels account for approximately 0.2% of US natural gas consumption in 2020.
The largest single source of synthetic natural gas is the Great Plains Synfuels plant in Beulah, North Dakota, where coal is converted into pipeline quality natural gas.
While most natural gas and oil wells in the United States are located on land, some wells drill into the ocean floor in waters off the coast of the United States. In 2020, total offshore dry natural gas production was approximately 1 Tcf, 71% of which came from federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico. Production in the federal Gulf of Mexico was about 0.7 Tcf, or 2% of total US dry natural gas production. Offshore production from offshore waters managed by Alabama, Alaska, California, Louisiana and Texas accounted for about 0.3% of total US dry gas production in 2020.
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Slate is a fine-grained sedimentary rock formed by the compaction of silt and clay mineral particles and breaking easily into thin parallel layers. Black shale contains organic matter that can produce oil and natural gas, which is found in the pores of the rock.
Shale gas resources are found in shale formations that contain large sources of natural gas and/or crude oil. These sources, or
Found in about 30 states. Barnett Shale has been producing natural gas in Texas for more than a decade. Information gained from the Barnett Shale development provided an early technology template for the development of other shale in the United States. Barnett Shell’s role in art declined as other arts developed. Currently, the largest source of shale gas is the Marcellus Shale in the Appalachian Basin located in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.
The oil and gas industry generally distinguishes two categories of low-permeability formations – formations containing oil and gas that are found in microscopic pores in rock that produce natural gas:
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Shale gas production began around 2000, when shale gas production became a commercial reality in the Barnett Shale in north-central Texas. The production of natural gas was started by Mitchell Energy and Development Corporation. In the 1980s and 1990s, Mitchell Energy used alternative hydraulic fracturing methods for the Barnett Shale. By 2000, the company had developed a method of hydraulic fracturing that allowed commercial quantities of shale gas to be produced. As the Barnett Shale’s commercial success became apparent, other companies began drilling wells in the formation, and by 2005, the Barnett Shale was producing nearly half a trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of natural gas annually. After natural gas producers gained confidence in the ability to profitably extract natural gas from the Barnett Shale and obtained proven results in the Fayetteville Shale in northern Arkansas, producers began developing other forms of shale. These new formations included the Haynesville in eastern Texas and northern Louisiana, the Woodford in Oklahoma, the Eagle Ford in southern Texas, and the Marcellus and Utica shales in northern Appalachia.
After the enactment of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 (NGPA), natural gas was defined as a separate category for natural gas production. The NGPA has established a separate “tight” price category for natural gas from wells, which can receive unregulated market prices. The restricted natural gas class encouraged producers to produce more expensive natural gas reserves at a time when U.S. natural gas reserves were dwindling.
As a result of the NGPA’s restricted natural gas price incentives, these reserves have been mined since the early 1980s, mainly from poorly permeable sandstone and carbonate formations and small amounts of East Devonian shale extraction. Following the complete deregulation of natural gas prices at wells and the repeal of related regulations by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), closed-state natural gas no longer has a specific definition, but still generally refers to natural gas produced from permeable and below-grade natural gas. Carbon shell. Tanks.
The United States has access to large reserves of natural gas. In its Annual Energy Outlook 2021 (AEO2021), the US Energy Information Administration predicts that by 2050 the majority of dry natural gas production in the US will come from shale gas and tight gas. which people use for various purposes. Biofuels are also used as petroleum products, mainly blended with gasoline and diesel fuel.
Where Our Natural Gas Comes From
Oil has historically been the largest primary energy source for US total annual energy consumption. We use petroleum products to power cars, heat buildings and generate electricity. In industry, the petrochemical industry uses oil as a raw material (raw material product) to produce plastics, polyurethanes, solvents, and hundreds of other intermediate and final goods.
In 2021, US oil consumption will be about 1 million barrels per day, including about 19.78 million barrels of biofuels. Total U.S. crude oil consumption in 2021 was about 8% higher than in 2020, when the U.S. economy recovered from the COVID-19 pandemic response. The consumption of most petroleum products in 2021 was higher than in 2020.
Gasoline is the most consumed petroleum product in the United States. In 2021, consumption of finished motor gasoline was about 8.8 million barrels per day (369 million gallons per day), which is about 44% of total US oil consumption.
Distilled fuel is the second most consumed petroleum product in the United States. Distillate fuels include diesel and heating oil. Diesel fuel is used in heavy construction equipment, trucks, buses, tractors, boats, trains, some cars, and diesel engines for power generators. Heating oil, also known as heating oil, is used in boilers and furnaces to heat homes and buildings, for industrial heating and to generate electricity in power plants. Total distillate fuel consumption in 2021 was about 3.94 million barrels per day (669 million gallons per day), 29% of total US oil consumption.
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Liquid gas hydrocarbons (HGL), the third most used category of crude oil in the United States, include propane, ethane, butane, and other HGLs produced in natural gas refineries and oil refineries. HGL has many uses. Total HGL consumption averaged 3.41 million barrels in 2021, which is about 17% of total oil consumption.
Aviation gasoline is the fourth largest petroleum product in the United States. Average jet fuel consumption in 2021 was about 1.37 million barrels per day (58 million gallons per day), which is about 7% of total oil consumption.
For reference, the U.S. Energy Information Administration predicts total consumption of U.S. crude oil and other liquids for most years through 2050. The total consumption of oil and other liquids in 2050 will increase by about 14 percent compared to 2021. Liquid fuels will account for about 36 to 38 percent of annual U.S. energy consumption by 2050.
In the reference example, liquid fuels are still the main source of energy for the transport sector, but the percentage share will decrease slightly from 96% in 2021 to 92% in 2050. The total consumption of liquid fuels is expected in the transport sector. 2021 as in 2050.
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US Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, May 2022, preliminary data for 2021. Unless otherwise stated, crude oil consumption includes biofuels. Coal’s decline has accelerated in recent years, despite President Trump’s pledge to revive the industry. Currently, natural gas dominates, but renewable energies such as wind and solar are also growing rapidly.
These trends are even more pronounced in some battleground states: In Pennsylvania, over the past four years, cheap natural gas from coal fracking has been rapidly replacing coal.
Wind power has surged in Iowa, generating more electricity than coal for the first time last year — an increasingly common story on the Great Plains.
Solar power is growing rapidly in sunny Nevada, putting pressure on carbon
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