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Ram Avatar 1, * , Netranand Sahu 2, 3, Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal 4, Shamik Chakraborty 5, Ali Harraji 6, 7, Ali P. By Yunus 8, G Dow 9 and Tony Augustio Kurnyawan 10
Key Laboratory of Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
Renewable energy has received special attention in recent decades. This is partly because fossil fuels are dwindling and the need for energy is increasing due to the growth of the world’s population. This article attempts to provide an overview of what remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) researchers are doing to explore renewable energy sources for a more sustainable future. Some studies related to renewable energy sources, viz. This article covers geothermal energy, wind energy, hydropower, biomass and solar energy. The purpose of this review paper is to explore how remote sensing and GIS-based techniques have been useful in exploring optimal sites for renewable energy sources. This article also includes several case studies from different parts of the world using such techniques to investigate different types of renewable energy sites. While each remote sensing and GIS technique used in renewable energy research seems to effectively sell itself as the most effective among others, it is important to note that in reality, a combination of different techniques is more effective for the job. Throughout the article, many issues related to the use of remote sensing and GIS in renewable energy are examined from current and future perspectives and possible solutions are proposed. The authors believe that the conclusions and recommendations drawn from the case studies and literature reviewed in this study will be valuable to renewable energy scientists and policy makers. See full text
Earth energy; wind energy; biomass; hydroelectric power plant; solar energy; renewable energy sources; fossil fuel geothermal energy; wind energy; biomass; hydroelectric power plant; solar energy; renewable energy sources; Fossil fuel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows free use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Avatar, R.; Sahu, N.; Aggarwal, A.K.; Chakraborty, S.; Kharraji, A.; Yunus, A.P.; Dow, J.; Kurniawan, T.A. Research on renewable energy resources using remote sensing and GIS – an overview.
Avtar R, Sahu N, Aggarwal AK, Chakraborty S, Kharraji A, Yunus AP, Dow J, Kurniawan TA. Research on renewable energy resources using remote sensing and GIS – an overview.
Avatar, Ram, Netrananda Sahu, Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal, Shamik Chakraborty, Ali Kharrajee, Ali P Yunus, G Dow and Tony Agustino Kurniawan. 2019. “Renewable Energy Exploration Using Remote Sensing and GIS – A Review”
Note that starting with the first issue of 2016, journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See here for details.
Zoom East as a line | As a stick As a cartoon As a surface previous view Next view The term “renewable resources” can be used and abused to describe many types of energy systems, but the most basic definition is that it is energy produced using natural resources that are completely inexhaustible .
The use of renewable energy is critical to our society as we move towards a world less dependent on fossil fuels to reduce the impact of climate change.
Renewable energy comes in many forms, one of the most well-known examples being solar energy. It is solar energy that will not run out in our lifetime. Otherwise, a non-renewable energy source like oil takes millions of years to form, and when it’s all gone, we won’t have it for millions of years.
The use of renewable energy is increasing every year as the world continues to realize its benefits in the fight against global warming. In addition, the cost of renewable energy continues to decrease, making it more affordable now than ever.
In fact, since 2010 the cost of solar energy has fallen by 80% and wind energy by 40% – both options are cheaper than coal.
Large-scale solar and wind farms are probably the most popular renewable sources, but there are other forms of energy in the US.
Most of the above options are impractical for homes, but they can be successfully used in communal events and other large-scale activities. For example, it is more practical for you to supply your house with solar panels than with a wind turbine, while a wind farm is a great way to supply electricity to the whole neighborhood.
It is important to note that each renewable energy source presents its own unique challenges. But with any energy source, there are ways to improve their production, which we will discuss below.
Solar power falls into the “renewable” category because the panels can produce energy for many years simply by absorbing sunlight. Once the solar panels are built and installed, they just sit there and produce power.
Solar energy is the most practical renewable energy option for homeowners. You can attach solar photovoltaic panels to your roof and adjust the size of the system depending on how much energy your home needs.
The problem with solar panels is that they need to be recycled at the end of their life cycle, which is typically 25-30 years, and there is currently no efficient way to do this.
Wind energy is practical if you have a farm and produce enough wind energy to sell to utilities. You need a large plot of land, significant wind in your area and the ability to pay high installation costs.
Wind farms are a great way to use clean energy, but they need to be very well thought out. A major environmental disadvantage is that they can disrupt animal migration patterns, especially in water; Turbines emit a weak electrical current that can confuse fish and other animals swimming near them. The good news, however, is that once in the environment, animals must be able to adapt.
Geothermal energy is probably the most underutilized renewable resource. Geothermal energy uses heat from the earth’s core to generate electricity using geothermal heat pumps.
Geothermal energy can be more easily used in areas with very active tectonic plates and volcanic activity, such as Iceland or the West Coast of the United States. In these areas, there is a lot of underground movement, and the Earth’s heat rises to the surface. You can see this with geysers when they release steam into the air, which is the heat generated by the Earth’s core. This heat is used to produce geothermal energy.
The downside to geothermal energy is cost – it can’t yet compete with cheaper renewables like solar and wind. Geothermal plants are very expensive to build and dig deep enough to reach the hottest part of the Earth.
You might think of hydroelectric power plants by imagining old water wheels that were used to power flour mills. Now they are much larger and more complex hydroelectric generators.
Consider Nevada’s Hoover Dam: Hydroelectric plants harness the energy of the water flowing through the dam to drive turbines to generate power.
Hydroelectric construction exacerbates droughts by displacing local human populations, disrupting fish population migration patterns, and holding more water upstream, so downstream populations are smaller.
But if it’s done in a friendly environment, it’s done right
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