Renewable Energy Sources Percentage
Renewable Energy Sources Percentage – Germany’s energy mix in 2021: The new government wants to achieve 80% renewable energy by 2030.
Energy consumption in Germany increased in 2021 as the economy recovers from the effects of the coronavirus pandemic and the country survives a cold winter. Meanwhile, a year-long decline in wind power production has reduced the share of renewables in the country’s energy mix, while coal power is making a strong comeback. The development bodes poorly for the new German government’s plans to reduce energy consumption and increase the share of renewables to a record share by 2030 – the same year it plans to phase out coal . Energy industry representatives say the government’s plan is still viable, but decisive and swift action is needed to succeed.
Renewable Energy Sources Percentage
Germany’s energy consumption will increase in 2021 compared to last year, as the share of renewables in electricity generation falls, according to data from energy market research agency AGEB and energy industry lobby association BDEW . Energy consumption increased by 2.6% (12,193 petajoules) compared to 2020, when economic activity was extremely slow due to the coronavirus pandemic, AGEB said, adding that the country’s primary energy consumption was still lower at pre-crisis levels in 2019. The pandemic could be felt in 2021, with supply chain disruptions further hampering economic recovery.
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The very cold weather at the beginning of the year also led to an increase in energy consumption, which accounted for most of the increase, according to AGEB. On the other hand, higher prices in energy markets and the European Emissions Trading System (ETS) “significantly slowed down the growth of primary energy consumption”, the researchers said.
Rising energy consumption and declining renewable energy production further increase the need for Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s new government to deliver on its promise to boost Germany’s energy transition. The coalition of the Social Democrats (SPD) with the Greens and Free Democrats (FDP) aims to reduce German emissions by 65% by 2030 and to achieve an 80% share of renewable energy in electricity consumption in the same year. He also wants to “ideally” end electricity production from coal by the end of the century.
Compared to the government’s plan, coal energy consumption has increased significantly, with consumption of both hard and brown coal increasing by approximately 18%, while natural gas by 4%. However, statistical effects play a major role in year-on-year growth, meaning brown coal use is 5% lower than in 2019 and even 25% lower than in 2018, according to coal industry association DEBRIV. However, while lignite plants have made a “significant contribution” to Germany’s security of supply this year, and domestic fossil fuel stocks are unaffected by price increases like gas or oil, even the rise of use in 2021 will not change this. According to Thorsten Diercks, The chief technology officer of DEBRIV, the death of Germany .
Germany will completely phase out nuclear power by the end of 2022, which will grow by more than 7% “due to increased demand, low production of renewable energy and the development of energy and carbon dioxide prices.” The share of renewable energy in primary energy consumption decreased from 16.5% in 2020 to 16.1% this year, mainly due to a roughly 10% decrease in wind power generation due to adverse weather conditions.
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Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in the country are expected to increase by about 25 million tons (4%) this year compared to 2020, due to higher overall consumption and relatively weak production of renewable energy, said the AGEB. Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions account for approximately 85% of Germany’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Assuming all other emissions remain constant, total greenhouse gas production will remain below pre-pandemic levels. The country’s emissions will be reduced by about 39 percent compared to 1990 levels.
Total emissions from the energy sector reached 247 million tonnes in 2021, below the industry’s 2022 target of 257 million tonnes, according to energy industry lobby group BDEW. Kerstin Andreae, head of BDEW, said that in terms of long-term trends, despite the ups and downs caused by the pandemic, CO2 emissions in the sector are decreasing, while wind power remains the most important personal resource of energy. However, the share of renewable sources in electricity production has dropped from around 44% in 2020 to just under 41% this year, a slight increase compared to 2019. Andreae believes the new government’s aim to increase the share of renewable sources in electricity consumption to 80% in 2030 is still feasible. “It can be done, although it is very ambitious and needs to be accelerated in the coming years,” he said.
To reach the projected 200 gigawatts (GW) of capacity by the end of the century, the government will need to add 15 GW of solar PV capacity each year, nearly triple the 5.8 GW added by 2021. The 100 gigawatt target means that the number of turbines built per week would have to increase from the current eight to around 30 if modern installations were to be used, he added. The key to achieving this goal is reducing administrative barriers: “Procedural efficiency and digitization must be as effective as possible. We need the necessary disciplines and skilled workers to carry out the transfer of energy faster,” says Andreae.
In addition, faster expansion of the grid infrastructure is also necessary to enable the transition, as well as more natural gas plants as a transition technology before a full transition to the use of green hydrogen. It warns that around 40GW of secure nuclear and coal power supplies will be removed from the system by 2030, meaning new energy infrastructure to fully replace them will need to be fully operational in less than a decade. “Security of supply is the guarantee we need to ensure climate targets are met,” he said.
World Energy Consumption, 1965 2020
Andree Böhling of Greenpeace, an environmental NGO, called the sharp increase in carbon emissions “poison” for the previous conservative government of Angela Merkel (CDU). He believes that even if the Scholz coalition is not to blame for the coronavirus, it still needs to react quickly. “The proposals of the action plan must address the root causes of the increase in emissions, which means a significant increase in coal consumption and an increase in electricity consumption,” said Böhling, who called for a reduction on the use of coal in energy. sector. system and stop using coal by 2030.
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We can support the work of journalists. CLEW can help with research, provide background information and help find the right respondents to talk to about a wide range of topics. The most recent and qualitatively controlled data on the development of renewable energy in Germany is an assessment of the German energy transition. The Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) provides this data for international reporting obligations as well as for the interested public.
The “energy transition” – Germany’s transition to a secure, environmentally friendly and economically successful energy future – involves a massive restructuring of the energy supply system to use renewable energy in all sectors. While the transition to renewable energy in the energy sector has been successful so far, other sectors have been less active.
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Progress in energy transformation can be seen in the growing share of renewable energy in the energy, heat and transport sectors. On this website, the Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) provides the latest information on the current development of renewable energy in these sectors and their contribution to reducing emissions. In addition, our “Monthly and Quarterly Reports” provide an up-to-date view of renewable energy development in Germany (in German only). The official data is regularly updated and published on the “Renewable Energy Data – Website” of the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (German and English).
Renewable energy is developing rapidly in Germany. By 2021, their share in the total final energy consumption will reach 19.7% (calculated according to the EU directive (2009/28/EG)). The energy sector is the main driver of this development, with renewable energy already providing 41.1% of electricity consumption (2021).
Although renewable energy accounted for only 6.3% of electricity demand in 2000, its share has grown significantly in the past few years, exceeding 10% in 2005 and over 25% in 2013. Renewables will produce more electricity by 2021 than all fossil fuels (coal, gas, oil) combined and now covers 41.1% of Germany’s electricity needs. Wind energy is the most important energy source in the German energy mix.
The share of renewable energy used for heating and cooling has increased from 4.4% in 2000 to 16.5% in 2021. primary energy
Renewable Energy Facts & Statistics
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