Renewable Energy Sources Act Germany – More renewable energy sources for better mitigation of climate change The amendments to the Law on RES allow for a precise and transparent determination of auction volumes for each type of renewable energy until 2030. The objective declared: by 2030, the share of renewable energy in the total consumption of electricity will be increased to 65 percent.
© Federal Ministry of the Economy and Energy; Offshore Wind Energy Bill (WindSeeG); 2021 Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG).
The expansion of renewable energy in Germany will increase dynamically until 2030. The extent of the expansion defined in the draft amendments to the RES Act and the amendments to the Offshore Wind Energy Act ( WindSeeG) extends to the upper limit of the range defined in the Climate Action 2030. Program (only in German) and also beyond this level for photovoltaics. The goal is to increase the share of renewable energy in total electricity consumption to 65% by 2030 and to continue to be climate friendly. This is why Germany’s current long-term goal is for 100% of the electricity produced and consumed in Germany to be greenhouse gas neutral by 2050. This new goal is also enshrined in the amendments to the Law RES.
To reach the goal of 100% green electricity by 2050, renewable energy must increase over the next ten years. For onshore wind, the new RES law sets annual sales volumes of 2.9 to 5.8 gigawatts (GW) for wind, 1.95 to 2.15 GW for photovoltaics and 500 megawatts (MW) for biomass. This is in addition to innovative auctions of 500 to 850 MW (only in Germany) and photovoltaic and biomass installations, which receive a certain level of financing. Innovation auctions can be used to test technical innovation and auction design. Unlike onshore wind, the expansion of offshore wind is not regulated in the RES Act, but in the Offshore Wind Energy Act (WindSeeG, only in German), which has also been revised. Here, the annual volume of the auction is expected to be about one to three and a half gigawatts by 2025, with the aim of reaching a fixed capacity of 20 gigawatts by 2030.
Installed onshore wind capacity is expected to grow from 54 GW today to 71 GW by 2030, and installed photovoltaic capacity from 52 GW to 100 GW over the same period. By 2030, onshore wind is expected to contribute up to 145 terawatt-hours (TWh) to the 65% renewable energy target. About 94 TWh of electricity is expected to come from photovoltaics and about 80 TWh from offshore wind.
If the EU continues to adopt new expansion targets for renewable energy as part of the implementation of the Green Deal, the expansion targets set out in the RES Act amendment bill will also need to be amended . (EEG) – considered the two most important sources of electricity in the country, solar and wind – is undergoing another reform. Renewable energy is growing rapidly, becoming cheaper and more acceptable to citizens of neighboring countries to meet climate and clean energy goals. This fact sheet shows the expected increase in renewable energy and lists the proposed changes in the 2021 EEG.
After two major amendments to the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG), the latest amendment entered into force on January 1, 2021. The EEG 2021, as it was called by the Ministry of ‘Economy and Energy (BMWi) responsible for the project, it was approved by the Federal Parliament (Bundestag) in December 2020 after making some last-minute changes. This document provides a summary of the most important points of the new law.
Germany’s Renewable Energy Act, which was approved 20 years ago, is responsible for the significant growth of wind, solar PV and biogas by setting network priorities for these resources and guaranteeing high feed-in rates. Along with wind and tidal energy, these renewable sources now account for half of the country’s electricity consumption. Considering the various changes in the past, the further revision of the EEG is in line with the latest legislative principles to make renewable energy producers more market-ready, following the offer of renewables while introducing new developments such as the national hydrogen strategy for 2020 and electricity prices.for e-commerce.car charging. From 2027, the government wants to propose how and when the financing of renewable energy through the EEG can be completely signed – as long as the expansion of renewable sources in the market is expected.
Germany’s goal of neutralizing greenhouse gases by mid-century is officially an EEG 2021 directive. “The purpose of this law is also to ensure that by 2050 all electricity produced or consumed in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany [ …] ] is produced in a greenhouse gas-neutral manner,” says the latest draft. is produced in Germany and the energy imported into the country must meet this requirement, which means that the EU is also expected to continue its goal of neutrality in 2050.
The member states of the European Union have decided to increase the climate goals of this union until 2030. For Germany, this could mean the revision of national emission reduction targets. The tougher targets mean that a faster expansion of renewable resources is needed, said Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze. One of the main points of the final negotiations in the parliament on the EEG 2021 is the general goal of renewable expansion, which many believe should be much higher to account for the future demand for electricity from electronic cars and pumps of heat. This problem was solved by establishing the target share of renewable energy in electricity consumption (currently 65%) for the first quarter of 2021.
Shortly after that deadline, the coalition agreed to increase targets for the expansion of solar and wind energy on Earth by 2022, compared to the legislation initially accepted. Solar power generation will triple from 1.9 gigawatts (GW) to 6 GW. The supply volume for onshore wind capacity will be increased from 2.9 GW to 4 GW. However, there is no change in the forecasts of the 2030 goal and energy consumption, which the coalition parties will leave this issue to the next government coalition that will be formed after the elections in September 2021.
The new EEG plans to increase solar PV capacity to 100 GW (~52 GW today), onshore wind to 71 GW (55 GW today), biomass to 8.4 GW and offshore wind to 20 GW by 2030 – the targets set are little more than the objectives of the 2030 Climate Action Agenda, which was decided at the end of 2019. The law establishes an annual production target to ensure that the addition of capacity meets the renewable energy objective of 65 percent and allows the energy network to be adjusted to accommodate the increased renewable energy production, which is variable.
An additional 500-850 MW per year will be offered in the innovation auction, which are not specific to the technology, where a combination of onshore wind, solar PV, biomass and / or devices energy storage work together to stabilize the energy system. Agricultural and floating PV solutions can also participate in this sale.
The law includes a temporary solution for small solar photovoltaic installations (up to 100 kW) that will stop receiving payments in the 2020s when their 20-year financing period expires. The commercialization of power from this very small installation would not be economical for the owner. But to prevent the destruction or “wild” consumption of their energy, they will be given a temporary payment for their electricity until 2027, equal to the market value, including marketing costs.
Older onshore wind turbines, about 16 gigawatts of which will be decommissioned by 2025, do not benefit from the rule, as even the oldest and smallest have a capacity of less than 100 kW. However, they maintain their power supply priority over conventional energy sources and are therefore able to connect to the grid and sell their electricity to the market. To address the problems caused by low electricity market prices during the COVID-19 pandemic, the bill includes a temporary solution to offshore wind turbine tariffs until the end of 2021.
In April 2021, the German government canceled a planned 2022 auction for old wind turbines to ensure continued operation after the end of their 20-year feed-in tariff due to concerns about illegal state aid from the European Commission. Temporary support payments to the old wind farm during the pandemic were authorized by the Commission, but further payments in 2022 and the planned auction were cancelled. BMWi argued that from 2022 the price of electricity will stabilize again at around 5 cents per kilowatt-hour, so that wind turbines can earn enough by selling their electricity on the market.
Almost all electricity consumers in Germany help finance renewable energy by paying a so-called renewable energy surcharge or EEG (or renewable energy tax) for each kilowatt-hour used. Very energy intensive company
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