Renewable Energy In Middle East – Renewable energy suddenly found an audience. In recent years, the Middle East has invested heavily in solar energy and other renewable energy technologies. Electricity generation from renewable energy in the region doubled between 2010 and 2020 to 40 GW and is expected to double by 2024.
Given that the Middle East is home to some of the world’s largest petrochemical reserves and a leading oil exporter, the news may come as a surprise to those in the region. However, there are several factors behind this process. Volatile oil prices have made fossil fuels a risky investment, and renewable technologies are increasingly competing with fossil fuels. In addition, the Middle East receives a lot of sunlight and contains uninhabited, desert areas that are perfect for collecting solar energy. These solar farms are cheaper and cleaner to operate and maintain than traditional petrochemical plants.
The combination of rising natural gas prices and falling solar PV prices in the UAE has made renewables more attractive. The country wants to get half of its energy from non-fossil fuel sources by 2050 and plans to generate 20 percent of its electricity from these sources within three years. The UAE’s clean energy ambitions will be presented at Expo 2020 Dubai in the form of practical applications and a presentation of applied research.
The Terra Pavilion, one of the three main exhibition spaces, is a solar-powered car. Designed by Grimshaw Architects in conjunction with Burrow Happold Engineers, the pavilion features solar arrays that act as a shade structure and water collector. The array consists of more than 20,000 square meters of monocrystalline PV panels. Reminiscent of a giant shade tree, the funnel-shaped structure forms a large 360-degree embankment floating above the exhibition buildings and landscaped gardens below. The stadium is also surrounded by 19 small “Electronic Trees” spread throughout the area. These additional 50- to 60-foot-diameter solar panels provide 28 percent of the electricity the complex needs to meet its net-zero goal. E-Trees actively track the sun throughout the day and rotate 180 degrees to optimize energy harvesting. Supported by carbon fiber frames, these devices cast shadows and filter sunlight into the gardens below.
Courtesy of Blaine Brownell The roof of the Holland Pavilion features skylights with integrated organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells with colorful patterns added to the film.
Solar energy will also feature as a design element in some of the Expo’s pavilions. For example, the roof of the Holland Pavilion has skylights with indoor organic photovoltaic cells. Manufactured by Armor ASCA, these low carbon thin film cells are transparent and allow sunlight to pass through. Marjan van Aubel Studio added colorful pattern designs to the printed film. The result is a series of continuous light monitors that produce moire color effects by filtering light, ideal for growing edible plants inside a stand.
Renewable energy is also a prominent research topic covered in the UAE paper. For example, engineers at Khalifa University are developing energy-storage ceramics that act as batteries and provide electricity when there is no sunlight. These ceramics are made from 100% recycled solid industrial waste, such as fly ash and steel slag, and have a 20% lower carbon footprint compared to recycled materials. Nicolas Calot, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Khalifa University, launched a startup called Ceramic Materials to commercialize the technology.
Another Dubai-based business, Solaris Solutions, was founded with similar motivations for energy flexibility. Solaris developers can easily deploy offline systems for standalone applications. The Solaris Box is a compact and portable PV-based solution for power generation for remote location lighting, small appliances and other applications. The founder and CEO of the company, Gait Albastanli, considers the volatile situation in the Middle East as an inspiration for the company. “We live in a region full of conflict and crisis, and we live in a time where access to electricity is an essential tool for our daily needs,” Albastanelli said on Solaris. Therefore, as a passionate and responsible person, I believe our mission is to help people get electricity around the world. “
Beyond the Expo, look no further than the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park for signs of the coming renewable energy revolution in the Middle East. Located in a vast desert about 30 kilometers south of Dubai, this complex is the largest park in the world, with a capacity of 5,000 megawatts by 2030. For the title of the largest park in one area – they are developing deeply. “It’s really exciting to have a solar power plant in a country rich in natural resources like oil and gas,” an Abu Dhabi project official told Business Standard. “Solar is the future and we see it that way.”
The views and conclusions of this author are not necessarily those of The Architect Magazine or the American Institute of Architects.
Blaine Brownell, FAIA, is an architect and materials scientist. Author of four books on metamaterials (2006, 2008, 2010, 2017), Director of the School of Architecture at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Iran, Russia seek to avoid new sanctions Russia’s unexpected new opposition – soccer fans The surprising story of the Internet tax Western Europe must break China’s solar control policy.
Europe should stay away from Russian power. This means diversifying gas suppliers and increasing the use of clean renewable energy sources. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the Palestinians, Jordanians, Israelis, Egyptians and Cypriots may come first.
The five are co-founders of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum, which was created in 2019 following the discovery of large amounts of gas in the sea between Egypt and Cyprus. Since then, Italy and France have joined as full members, and the United States, the European Union (EU), and the World Bank have become official observers.
The current mission of the Gas Association is to explore and develop gas reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean, but this goal is very limited.
Climate change and the war in Ukraine have created a new sense of urgency to increase this shortage of renewable energy. An additional benefit – but no less important – is increased resilience in a volatile global environment.
Our proposal builds on the recent success of the growing green-blue deal in the Middle East. It trades desalinated water from Israel for large amounts of Jordanian solar power, creating significant mutual benefits in the water- and energy-hungry region while fostering healthy relations between the often-conflicting neighbors.
Jordan’s vast desert and near-perfect solar conditions allow the country to generate electricity from renewable sources on a scale and scale that Israel or Palestine can only dream of. To the east, Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf countries have similarly identified solar energy. In cities such as Neom in Saudi Arabia, it is planned to use the energy produced not only for electricity, but also for the production of crude hydrogen for export to Europe. Egypt, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) see similar opportunities for green hydrogen and are considering partnerships with European, American and Israeli companies to develop the necessary technology.
In the short term, Eastern Mediterranean gas will be liquefied and sent to Europe (on June 15, the EU signed a framework agreement to increase gas imports from Egypt and Israel). In the long term, renewable energy, especially solar, produced in the deserts of Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf should also be directed to Europe.
The European Commission has announced plans to connect European power grids to the Middle East: submarine cables are planned to connect Israeli grids to Cyprus, and from Cyprus to Greece, and then to the European continent. It is called the connector of Europe and Asia. Undersea cables are also planned between Egypt and Crete, the so-called link between Europe and Africa. The value of this connection is estimated at 2.5 billion euros ($2.61 billion).
Using this technology, crude hydrogen is also produced in the Middle East and exported to Europe from the Mediterranean coast of Israel, Palestine and Egypt.
Despite the cost, Handelsblatt says crude hydrogen is now cheaper than natural gas in parts of Europe for the first time. Gray hydrogen (natural gas) now costs $6.71 a kilogram, while crude hydrogen is $4.84 to $6.68 a kilogram. Gas prices were 200 percent higher in February 2022 than a year ago, largely due to the recovery from Covid-19 – and would have been much higher if not for warmer-than-expected weather. Europe will switch to coal as an alternative to Russian gas in the short term, but this will be disastrous for its climate policy and economically destabilizing – coal is more expensive, and this
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