Renewable Energy Games – Who won in the Dutch tax administration? It follows 20 years of niche regime interactions on integrated solar cell production in the Netherlands.
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Received: 16 June 2018 / Revised: 13 July 2018 / Accepted: 18 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
Emissions drive demand for more sustainable energy systems. The transition to renewable energy sources cannot be considered a unique technical problem. It is built into society. in this study, we analyze the complexity of change actors in urban areas and explore the use of simulation games to increase our understanding of the complexity of change. Surveys and observations were used to gather information about the learning experience of the GO2Zero game. The results show that the participants enjoy the game and consider the game a valid representation of the system. Gain a better understanding of the complexities of residential energy. system and face many challenges in the transition. Simulation games like GO2Zero can become invaluable tools in the process of local energy transition. This is because it is a safe environment for beginners and experts alike to experiment along with challenges in the process. These experiences can support the design of the transition process by helping actors to set goals and strategies for working together to achieve those goals. Future research will focus on using play to experiment with different strategies and tools. and analyze the impact of the game
Low Carbon City Energy Change Energy Improvement Stakeholder Management Low Carbon City Simulation Game Energy Change Energy Improvement Stakeholder Management Simulation Game
The negative impact of using fossil fuel sources for our energy systems has created a need for new methods. to manage these systems and new sources To meet our energy needs, in the European Union (EU-28) households were responsible for 25.4% of final energy consumption in 2015. This support is expected due to global warming and accelerated urbanization. This leads to an increase (peak) in the demand for cooling energy and increases pollution and global warming , while some efforts have led to the successful development of the concept of neutral energy and zero emission for new housing. But existing buildings have proven resistant to many policies and innovations that reduce carbon energy and increase its use. Renewable energy  During 2007-2015. EU-28 final energy consumption for the residential sector decreased by -3.9% compared to -15.5% for industrial  non-fossil fuel sources (eg wind, solar, biomass)) and related technologies (eg wind turbines, solar cells). Biomass burning) is available and can be used Although it remains a great challenge to fully meet our current needs. The demand for renewable energy  However, this is currently not enough if we want to meet the climate and emissions targets we have set in international agreements, such as COP21 Paris, the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. and European and national legislation [4, 5] A faster and more efficient transition to a sustainable energy system is needed . The transformation of the city from a system that depends on zero carbon emissions requires a systematic transformation of the urban energy system . Change is described as a process of change in which social systems and techniques structurally change over a long period of time . They are very recognizable in retrospect. However, in times of change, it is difficult to understand how individual actions and decisions contribute to changing the entire system. Due to the complexity of the system, such as the presence of many actors, multi-level management, different values and the uncertainty of long-term institutional and technological development, it is difficult for the operator to identify and assess the consequences of the action .
The transition to renewable energy sources cannot be considered a unique technical problem. It is anchored in society [10, 11] The main problem is against energy innovations, e.g. State agencies, traditional energy suppliers or local communities who see these innovations as disruptive or even threatened and look for opportunities to delay or decide to participate in development (e.g. [12 , 13]). The availability, costs and benefits of renewable energy sources and technologies are highly uncertain for meeting energy needs. There are many innovative technologies to choose from. Each technology has individual and shared costs and benefits. both financial and environmental  and can have impacts  Selection based on a large number of interdependent socio-technical variables with high uncertainty. The energy system is therefore a complex socio-technical system. This leaves operators looking to change systems with many unanswered questions about how to initiate, manage and accelerate the transition process.
Cities play an important role in the energy transition: in 2013, cities were responsible for about two-thirds of the world’s primary energy consumption and about 70% of CO2.
Emissions and growth of the city and urban economy. These numbers have undoubtedly increased and will continue to increase . This is an additional challenge. Decisions are dispersed among a large number of actors. and includes a network of actors from the field of energy and the scope of housing construction and maintenance. This is due to the increased availability and affordability of local energy technologies and the growing awareness of the sovereignty of tenants and landlords. As a result, individual residents play an increasingly active role in the urban energy system [15, 16] In addition, there is a growing awareness and acceptance that the energy transition is not just a process of technological action. it is a process of allocation and redistribution of value. This requires democratic deliberation and decision-making processes. Transition from centralized and distributed energy networks to decentralized networks. Call for interaction and coordination between operators from previously disconnected networks. Act according to different rules and adhere to different systems of values and priorities  until now. The coordinator or coordinating institutional group is absent. Let actors manage their own actions and strategies  The lack of coordination has particularly affected the energy transformation of existing neighborhoods and buildings  across Europe. It is particularly difficult to implement energy improvement measures in existing residential buildings and houses. they have to face many obstacles, be it simple technological additions or a more disruptive process of renovation, renewal and improvement 
The development of a common understanding of the possibilities and benefits of choosing coordinated energy measures is generally considered a condition for a legitimate urban energy transition. efficient and effective, but in reality there are few opportunities for stakeholders to explore together. and discuss the possibilities  An interactive serious game can offer such settings [20, 21, 22, 23].
In this paper, we present how to use simulation games to make actors involved in the process of local energy transition aware of the social and technical complexities of the challenge of improving existing neighborhoods. especially The goal of the game is to enable the participants to understand the roles and possibilities of action of the relevant actors and the consequences of the independent actions of the players on the direction and speed of changes. They can reveal their own preferences and limitations regarding the goals of change. including when and how to achieve the goal and experiment with different priorities and approaches.
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