Renewable Energy Consumption By Country

Renewable Energy Consumption By Country – In the four decades since 1980, global energy consumption has doubled from 77 trillion kWh to nearly 155 trillion kWh.

The graph above shows per capita global energy consumption in 2020 based on data from Our World in Data. Energy consumption includes electricity, transportation and heating.

Renewable Energy Consumption By Country

Iceland tops the list and is also the largest generator of electricity per capita. With the country’s abundant geothermal resources, geothermal and hydroelectric plants account for more than 99% of Iceland’s electricity production.

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Many of the top ten countries are major energy producers or heavy industry economies. For example, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Kuwait, Norway and Qatar are among the 15 largest oil producing countries in the world. Similarly, Trinidad and Tobago is the largest producer of oil and gas in the Caribbean and one of the largest exporters of ammonia in the world.

The presence of energy-intensive industries such as oil and gas extraction is likely to be an important factor affecting the total energy consumption and per capita in these countries.

Iceland’s three aluminum smelters (Alcoa, Rio Tinto Alcan and Century Aluminum) use more energy than all other sectors combined and account for 30% of the country’s CO2 emissions. Iceland is not rich in bauxite (the raw material used to make aluminum), but cheap and clean electricity is a great incentive for aluminum smelters to start operating on the island.

For similar reasons, Iceland is also a popular target for data centers and bitcoin mining. Year-round cold weather reduces cooling costs for thousands of computers running around the clock, and clean electricity from the grid reduces carbon emissions.

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In general, it is not surprising that the housing sector is one of the least energy consumers, despite the importance of heating a home in colder climates. Iceland’s industry, especially aluminum, accounts for most of its energy consumption, making its total per capita consumption higher than all other countries.

The countries at the bottom of the list are among the world’s least developed economies, with relatively low GDP per capita figures.

These countries consume much less energy per capita compared to the global average of 19,836 kWh. Unlike the major countries, the per capita GDP is less than $1,000.

As economies expand, cities become electrified, megacities appear, and industry grows, leading to increased global energy consumption. Globally, if economic growth continues, per capita energy consumption is likely to continue to rise steadily.

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Various maps: countries at high risk of floods Recent floods in Pakistan have affected more than 33 million people. Where is the greatest flood risk in the world?

Devastating floods in Pakistan have killed more than 1,400 people this summer, and a third of the country is under water.

The question is: Which countries and their populations are most at risk of flooding worldwide?

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This graphic depicts flood risks worldwide, highlighting the 1.81 billion people directly exposed to 1 flood every 100 years. The methodology takes into account the potential risks of inland and coastal flooding.

Not surprisingly, in countries with large coastlines, river systems and plains, a high proportion of the population is at risk.

The Netherlands and Bangladesh are the only countries in the world where more than half of the population is at risk of flooding (59% and 58%, respectively). Vietnam (46%), Egypt (41%) and Burma (40%) complete the rest of the top five.

Apart from the Netherlands, only two European countries are in the top 20 in terms of percentage of the population at risk: Austria (18th with 29%) and Albania (20th with 28%).

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Southeast Asia alone is home to more than two-thirds of the world’s flood-prone population of 1.24 billion people.

China and India have populations of 395 million and 390 million, respectively, with both countries leading in the absolute number of people at risk of rising water levels. The other five countries with the highest number of people at risk are Bangladesh (94 million people at risk), Indonesia (76 million people at risk) and Pakistan (72 million people at risk).

While expected natural and climatic disasters may take years to manifest themselves, floods affected more than 100 million people in 2021. Recent summer floods in Pakistan continued this trend in 2022.

As 31% of the population (72 million people) is at risk of flooding, Pakistan is particularly vulnerable to flooding.

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In 2010, it was estimated that floods in Pakistan affected more than 18 million people. It is estimated that the recent floods, which began in June, have affected more than 33 million people, and submerged more than a third of the country.

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While human growth is by far the biggest problem with floods, it also has huge economic costs. Last year, droughts, floods and storms totaled $224.2 billion worldwide, nearly double the annual average of $117.8 billion between 2001 and 2020.

A recent report predicts that water-related risks (from droughts, floods and storms) could absorb $5.6 trillion of global GDP by 2050, with floods expected to account for 36% of these direct losses.

As the human and economic toll from floods continues to mount, countries around the world will need to focus on preventive infrastructure and remedial solutions for already affected and most vulnerable ecosystems and communities.

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Urbanization Visualize the physical impact of global urbanization Global material use is expected to increase from 41 billion tons in 2010 to about 89 billion tons in 2050. This graph shows the impact of urbanization.

Cities occupy only 2% of the world’s land area, but activities within their borders consume more than 75% of the planet’s physical resources.

As urban areas expand, global consumption of materials is expected to increase from 41.1 billion tons in 2010 to about 89 billion tons in 2050.

In today’s chart, we use data from the United Nations International Resource Panel to illustrate the significant impact of global urbanization.

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Currently, more than 4.3 billion people live in urban environments, or 55% of the world’s population, and by 2050 this number is expected to rise to 80%.

Every year the world produces a huge amount of materials to ensure the continuous construction of man-made environments.

To calculate how much we use to build our cities, the United Nations uses National Material Consumption (DMC), which is a measure of all raw materials extracted from a country’s territory each year, plus all physical imports, minus all physical exports.

In general, the consumption of substances is very uneven in different regions of the world. In terms of physical footprint, the world’s richest countries consume 10 times the consumption of the world’s poorest and twice the consumption of the global average.

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Based on total urban DMC, East Asia is the global leader in material consumption, with China consuming more than half of the world’s aluminum and concrete.

According to the United Nations, most of the city will be developed in cities of the global south, especially China, India and Nigeria.

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Consumption will increase in Asia as the continent is home to most of the world’s major cities, and cities with a population of over 10 million.

However, the biggest leap in the coming decades will come in Africa. The population of the continent is expected to double by 2050, and the consumption of materials is expected to increase from 2 billion tons to 17.7 billion tons annually.

Primary Energy Consumption By Country 2021

By 2050, the world population is expected to grow by nearly two and a half billion people, and new and existing cities must absorb many of them.

This could exacerbate current problems such as pollution and carbon dioxide emissions, but it could also be an opportunity to develop the resource-efficient, low-carbon cities of the future.

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