Percentage Of Renewable Energy In India

Percentage Of Renewable Energy In India – Coal is the leader with a total market share of 51.71% at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021.

India’s installed renewable energy capacity, including large hydro projects, stands at 150.4 GW, accounting for a share of 38.41% of total electricity generation at the end of the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2021, according to data from the Central Electricity Energy Authority (CEA). ), Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and Solar Project Controller Mercom India.

Percentage Of Renewable Energy In India

The share of renewable sources increased slightly compared to the last quarter when total renewable installations were 148.08 GW, with a share of 38%.

Energy And Renewable Sources: What Is The Current Status?

Solar energy accounts for 12.4% of India’s total installed capacity and 32% of total installed renewable energy as of the fourth quarter of 2021. This increase in capacity makes solar energy the energy India’s largest renewable energy source, surpassing hydropower. At the end of the fourth quarter of 2021, large hydropower plants, with a total capacity of 46.5 GW, accounted for 11.84% of the total installed capacity.

By the fourth quarter of 2021, India has about 40 GW of wind power, representing about 10.2% of the total installed capacity. Meanwhile, biomass and small hydropower account for 2.6% and 1.2% of installed electricity, respectively.

Conventional energy sources had a total installed capacity of nearly 242 GW at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. This accounted for 61.59% of the total installed electricity capacity – a slight decrease from 61.92% in the third quarter of 2021.

Part includes electricity generated from thermal sources, including coal (51.7%), gas (6.3%), nuclear (1.7%), lignite (1.7%) and diesel which is 0, 13% of the total energy put into the machine.

What Will The Future Look Like By 2050 If It’s Powered By Renewables?

Coal remains the leader with more than 203 GW installed at the end of Q4 2021, up slightly from 202 GW in Q3 2021. However, its overall market share fell slightly to 51.7%, compared to 52% in ‘ previous quarter.

According to a report by the International Energy Agency (IEA), solar energy will see significant growth and will equal the share of coal in India’s power generation mix by 2040 or earlier. The share of coal is expected to fall to 34% by 2040.

Harsh Shukla is a staff journalist at Mercom India. He covers general interest stories with Indian Express. He holds Masters in Journalism from Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, Pune.

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Harsh Shukla is a staff journalist at Mercom India. He covers general interest stories with Indian Express. He holds Masters in Journalism from Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, Pune. More articles by Harsh Shukla.

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In order for this site to work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device. Most major websites do this well. India ratified the Paris Climate Agreement this week, reaffirming its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. But two years after launching an ambitious initiative to boost renewable energy, India is facing an unusual problem: an excess of solar and wind power in some parts of the country.

In July, for the first time, the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu could not use all of its solar energy. Later this month, Jayaram Jayalalitha, the chief minister of Tamil Nadu, wrote a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi urging him to speed up the construction of an international green energy corridor that would allow the transport and use of renewable energy there the other departments. state rather than consumption.

And in August, Tarun Kapoor, joint secretary of India’s Ministry of New Industries and Renewable Energy, wrote a letter urging electricity regulators to fully embrace solar power after protests from grid operators to allow the energy to re- innovative to go to waste.

With developing countries around the world investing in renewable energy, India’s experience raises a big question: Will the grid be a major barrier to renewable energy development in developing countries? development?

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From India to China to Chile, much of the renewable energy future could fail without careful planning.

Solar and wind accounted for just 3.5 percent of India’s power generation in 2015. But if the government meets its targets for the use of renewable energy, the amount of solar and wind power could be ‘ grid will quadruple by 2022. However, there are already signs that the power grid to attract these new energy sources can be a major obstacle to the development of renewable energy in India, if it the threat to the country’s energy and climate goals.

Although there is no clear national data, regulatory inquiries from Tamil Nadu, where the problem is considered to be the worst, put wind power reduction rates between 33 percent and 50 percent—a much higher number.

The problem is part of the nature of technology. Solar and wind power are less manageable than traditional fossil fuel plants, so power grids must be flexible enough to deal with last-minute changes in power generation.

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Speed ​​is also a problem. In India, six states in the western and southern regions cover 80 percent of the solar energy currently installed in the country, but only 38 percent of the electricity demand. For grid operators accustomed to being able to turn fossil fuel power plants on and off at will, these changes will take some getting used to. If new measures are not developed to accommodate variable renewable energy sources, a situation could arise where the physical grid – or the grid operator – cannot use solar and wind energy when it becomes available.

Other countries have tackled this problem with varying degrees of success. Germany and the US have the highest levels of solar and wind penetration and low cap rates, while China has had significant problems reducing the share of wind and solar in the energy mix.

In fact, China currently has more wind and solar energy than any other country in the world after such rapid expansion. In the five years between 2010 and 2015, the share of solar and wind power produced in China quadrupled. But in 2015, the US generated more electricity from wind than China, despite having only 58 percent of China’s installed wind capacity. The main reason for this difference is that most of China’s solar and wind power is wasted: 21 percent of wind power was reduced in the first half of 2016 (with the Gansu province of reaching a 47 percent reduction), and what was available The sleep restriction was 11 percent in the first three quarters of 2015.

Although China has been able to rapidly build renewable energy capacity over the past decade, it has taken much longer to develop the transportation infrastructure and structural changes needed to use this new energy to act.

How Can We Increase The Use Of Renewable Electricity, Especially When Natural Gas Is So Cheap?

Fortunately, Indian policy makers were not surprised by the challenge. There are already several initiatives to help integrate renewable energy sources into the grid. Perhaps more importantly, unlike China, India already has a wholesale electricity market, which gives utilities much-needed flexibility to buy and sell electricity seamlessly.

There is also the aforementioned Green Energy Highway, a series of transmission lines that will connect countries with an abundance of renewable energy to areas where there is demand. And like China, solar and wind already have “must run” status, meaning that any power they produce should always be supplied by the grid.

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However, even these measures may not be enough. A recent survey found that 31 percent of senior executives in India’s solar industry believe that grid integration is the biggest challenge for solar expansion in India in the future.

India’s first priority in addressing this issue is the completion of the Green Energy Highway and other new transmission lines so that renewable energy can be transported to where it is needed. . There is severe electricity shortage in some states and electricity shortage in others.

Corporate Sourcing Of Renewable Energy: Market And Industry Trends

For example, Uttar Pradesh has the highest electricity deficit of 9.7 percent (meaning that the electricity available in the state cannot meet 9.7 percent of the peak demand), while an electricity deficit of 8.3 percent at the border state of Madhya Pradesh. However, the power connection between the two states was at full power 73 percent of the time in June 2016, meaning that some extra power in Madhya Pradesh may not have reached Uttar Pradesh. Nationally, ten percent of the electricity supply available in temporary markets could not be used last year due to transportation constraints.

New investments in interstate transmission lines will help offset these differences. It is particularly important for India to attract private investment in these projects. The Green Energy Road will cost $3.4 billion and is financed partly with government money and partly with a $1 billion loan from the Asian Development Bank and a €1 billion loan from GiZ. But the public sector can finance many multi-million dollar projects, and many state facilities are already in poor financial condition.

Private capital is expected to be required for 47 percent of infrastructure investment in India between 2012 and 2017. The Planning Commission of India has created a framework for public-private partnerships for transportation investments, but land acquisition and licensing are also major obstacles for the private sector.

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