Negative Impacts Of Renewable Energy

Negative Impacts Of Renewable Energy – The amount of renewable energy installed worldwide grew from 820 GW in 2006 to 2017 GW in 2016, growing at a constant rate of 8% per year and is expected to continue to grow. Several countries are increasingly announcing national and subnational policy instruments to increase the share of renewable energy.

India plans to triple its current renewable energy capacity from 59 GW to 175 GW by 2022 (approx.). Renewable energy is the choice of the future because it allows us to continue economic development without sacrificing the environment. However, while renewable energy appears to solve our growing energy needs and urgent need to mitigate climate change, the picture is far from straightforward. These projects continue to be contested by local residents and civil society organizations because they conflict with the local way of life and have a significant impact on the environment. Consider some of these implications in the Indian context.

Negative Impacts Of Renewable Energy

Large solar and wind farms require nearby land. Access to land is controversial, especially in developing countries like India. Renewable energy projects compete with local livelihoods, land conservation interests and other development activities.

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A wind or solar project has a Plant Load Factor (PLF) of 18-20%. A thermal power plant has a PLF of 65-70%. Therefore, to produce the same amount of electricity as a thermal power plant, a solar or wind power plant would have to operate at three times the capacity. As a result, renewable energy projects require more land per MW than conventional energy sources. For example, a typical wind power project requires 15-20 hectares of land per MW. This complicates the picture, as many resource-rich areas for wind and hydroelectric projects are located in regions with high rainfall and biodiversity.

To implement renewable energy projects, it is necessary to cut down trees, install power lines and build substations to transfer electricity to the grid. Wind turbines are large structures that need to be transported to high altitudes and therefore have a significant impact on the local ecology. Engineers had to widen access roads, often creating debris on farmland, which in turn interferes with agriculture.

In areas with high rainfall, these changes can lead to soil erosion, conflicts with the livelihoods of local communities and severe soil erosion. Small hydroelectric dams are often considered large renewable and eco-friendly hydroelectric projects. However, altering river flow can affect water speed and depth, reduce river flow, and significantly reduce the quality of habitat for fish and aquatic life.

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Karnataka has the greatest potential for small power projects with 4,141 MW and has utilized 29% of its capacity with an existing installation of 1,220.73 MW. Most of these projects are owned by private developers and are located in the ecologically diverse areas of the Western Ghats, which require deforestation and river diversion. For example, the 3 MW Bidalli Mini Hydel project in the Pushpagiri Conservation Area requires the construction of a dam, river tunnel, power well, power station and output line in the conservation area of ​​the national park. The 24 MW Kukke power project at the confluence of the Kumaradhara and Gundia rivers is facing opposition from local communities as it threatens their traditional livelihoods and endangers the reserve forest.

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In addition, the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change exempted wind power projects of less than five hectares and small hydropower projects from mandatory Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) requirements. EIA is an important indicator of environmental and wildlife damage in an area and is a major concern for conservationists. This poses a serious threat to the environment of the region where renewable energy projects are implemented.

In India, renewable energy projects require approval from panchayats. In most cases, certificates of approval for panchayats are given orally. Project promoters often use empty claims of providing electricity and economic benefits to poor rural communities to launch their projects.

There is no way to control the amount of electricity and how many homes will be supplied in the area. An example of this is the 113 MW Andhra Lake Wind Farm project on the edge of the Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Residents living near the project site are without electricity, despite the project putting their lives and the region’s diverse environment at risk.

Renewable energy projects pose a serious threat to biodiversity and lead to the destruction of land and life, but they are rarely criticized. Other possible solutions include empowering village panchayats and making EIA mandatory for all renewable energy projects. Also, providing electricity to people living near renewable projects will also help. Paying close attention to the social and environmental impacts of these projects will go a long way towards ensuring the equitable and fair development of renewable energy.

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Impacts Of Renewable Energy Projects

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Received: November 3, 2021 / Revised: November 18, 2021 / Accepted: November 21, 2021 / Published: November 23, 2021

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To combat the COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world have begun to take steps towards social distancing and contact with people, including closing cities, relocating work and school, and suspending work. Pandemic situations and government shutdowns in several countries have led to changes in production, energy consumption habits and other energy-related changes. This article looks at the impact of the global pandemic on the energy sector and how it relates to progress in energy sustainability. A systematic literature review was performed on the Web of Science (WoS) database. This study follows the recommendations of SALSA (Research, Assessment, Synthesis and Analysis) and PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis). A total of 113 relevant articles were selected for analysis. All selected articles are categorized by application and area of ​​impact. Five main areas of impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the sustainability of the energy sector are identified: energy consumption and demand; air pollution; investments in renewable energy; energy poverty; and resilience of the energy system. Based on current research results and understanding of the problem, key concepts for future research in this area are presented.

Pdf] Greening Blue Energy

COVID-19; energy sector; stability; low carbon; renewable energy; energy poverty; the COVID-19 pandemic; energy sector; stability; low carbon; renewable energy; energy poverty; illness

In March 2020, the WHO announced the global spread of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus [1]. To get the situation under control, governments around the world have started taking measures regarding social distancing and social distancing, including closing cities, relocating work and school, and suspending work. Some of the measures that were implemented led to an economic crisis and led to the collapse of the world economy. Pandemic situations and government shutdowns around the world have led to changes in production, energy consumption habits and other energy-related changes. recent studies

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