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The war in Ukraine has exposed Germany’s overdependence on Russian gas, prompting a search for alternatives. Solar energy is one and it is already developing. Is the old solar power station close to the new solar speed?
Europe is in a state of crisis. Climate change, increased energy demand, the war in Ukraine and ongoing cuts in oil and gas supplies from Russia have pushed the continent into a new era.
Germany is screwed. The country relies heavily on cheap imported natural gas to power its industries, and some power plants also use the gas to generate electricity. It is almost impossible to find several alternatives at the same time.
Ideas to avoid a power surge in Germany range from reducing demand to bringing nuclear power plants online before the official shutdown date at the end of the year. Large wind turbines have a role to play, but most people don’t want them in their backyard.
Green activists have long believed that renewable energy is the answer to keeping the lights on. But developing these skills takes time. Now many experts once again see solar energy as the bright light at the end of the tunnel, some say solar energy is on the rise.
Before the war in Ukraine put energy security first, the new German government had already promised that renewables – wind and solar – would make up 80% of electricity generation by 2030, up from 42% today. By 2035, the government has said electricity generation must be carbon neutral.
It’s an ambitious plan, but the country seems to be on track. July was the third month in a row that solar power output rose to record levels, the trade publication said
For the month reported, photovoltaic (PV) systems produced 8.23 terawatt hours of electricity, accounting for one-fifth of net electricity generation. They were behind lignite plants, which accounted for about 22% of total production.
Solar panels can come in many different shapes and sizes and can be used in many different ways.
In 2021, Germany added more than 5 GW of solar capacity, a 10 percent increase over 2020. This brings total solar capacity to 59 gigawatts, surpassing Germany’s installed offshore wind capacity.
January said. According to Harry Wirth, head of photovoltaic module and power station research at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems in Freiburg, last year’s solar production accounted for about 9% of total electricity consumption.
“The government’s target for 2032 is about 250 gigawatts of solar energy. According to their estimates, electricity consumption will increase to 715 terawatt hours by 2030,” Werth said. A separate study by consultant McKinsey said it is the lower limit. “So if we get 730 terawatt hours for 2032, we will have about 30 percent of the total electricity consumption in solar,” Wirth added.
Energy experts also envision greater potential for installing more solar panels without taking up valuable land. In addition to adding them to parking garages or on top of buildings, solar panels can be added to the exterior of buildings or even the exterior of electric vehicles. Not only will it generate electricity at the rates it already uses, but it will also create synergies in its own use, Wirth said.
It’s not just researchers who are taking note – big business is getting in on the act, too. In July, Portuguese clean energy company EDP Renovaveis (EDPR) announced that it had agreed to acquire a 70% stake in Germany’s Kronos Solar Projects, a solar energy developer. 250 million euros ($254 million).
The Munich-based company has a portfolio of 9.4 gigawatts of solar projects at various stages of development in Germany, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, according to a press release announcing the acquisition. Germany accounts for about 50 percent of the solar energy received. Portfolio.
EDPR, which claims to be the world’s fourth-largest producer of renewable energy, said it produced 17.8 terawatt hours of clean energy in the first half of 2022.
Miguel Stilwell de Andrade, chief executive of EDPR and its parent EDP, said he had high expectations for Germany, especially because “it is an important market in Europe to support alternative development goals. They have been achieved.”
Germany has been a leader in solar energy, enjoying a large share of global solar capacity for many years. Much of this early success was due to the support of the modern government. However, this support has been too successful for some, as falling electricity prices have hit the profits of power companies, leading to calls for changes in the law.
Updated regulations and changes to the Renewable Energy Sources Act that reduced feed-in tariffs slowed things down. Feed-in tariffs typically guarantee long-term grid access and high market prices in an effort to support new industries.
With little direct financial incentive, the industry was neglected, leaving it open to competitors. The pace of solar infrastructure development has also been hampered by bureaucracy, the supply chain, a lack of skilled technicians and a lack of storage for electricity generated when it is not needed.
Now the war in Ukraine and Europe’s dependence on Russia are focusing efforts and “will strengthen the commitment to ambitious solar expansion,” Wirth said. But the biggest challenge for the solar industry in the region is China.
Public buildings can play a bigger role, not only because of their size but because they are controlled by the government.
China became interested in photovoltaic technology and soon overtook earlier countries such as the United States, Japan and Germany due to large government subsidies to producers. Today, it has become the go-to place for all sunbathers.
A new report from the International Energy Agency puts it in numbers. “China has invested more than $50 billion in new PV installation capacity – 10 times more than Europe – and created more than 300,000 manufacturing jobs in the solar PV value chain since 2011.”
Today, China has over 80% of the total solar panel production capacity and is home to the top 10 suppliers of PV manufacturing equipment. This high concentration has led to notable facts such as the fact that “one in seven panels produced in Worlid is produced by a single facility,” according to the report.
These economies of scale have reduced costs and the country can produce solar equipment 35 percent cheaper than in Europe. This gives China more leverage and the industry faces supply disruptions. To transform this industry and gain a share of this market, Europe needs to invest in innovation and make the development of solar energy a top priority.
Germany has many high-tech solar manufacturers and research institutes. But there is only one solar cell manufacturer that specializes in high-efficiency heterozygous technology, Wirth said. However, although the European PV industry is fragmented and not what it once was, it is still dependent on high demand for solar technology in the near future.
A small company is destroying the US solar industry – why? A small US solar panel maker is pushing for higher import tariffs. This threatens the climate goals of the Biden administration and industry as a whole.
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Germany’s Olaf Schulz welcomes UAE energy security deal 25.09.2022 On the second day of his visit to the Gulf region, Chancellor Olaf Schulz discussed LNG supply in Abu Dhabi. Germany is trying to replace Russian gas with different gas suppliers. Guaranteed compensation for operators of renewable power plants has been an important part of Germany’s energy transition. The feed-in tariff was introduced in 2000 with the country’s Renewable Energy Act (EEG). They gave investors the cash flows available for renewable energy over a 20-year period. With guaranteed funding for the first projects expiring in 2021, operators will need to quickly find alternative ways to run their wind and solar farms profitably.
Germany’s renewable electricity capacity from solar panels, offshore wind and biogas was 103 gigawatts (GW) in 2018, the country’s total renewable energy capacity (including offshore wind, hydro, etc.) has a significant share of 118 GW.
Renewable energy sources provided 224.6 terawatt hours (TWh) or 34.9 percent of the country’s total electricity generation in 2018.
The government aims to meet 65 percent of Germany’s electricity needs from renewable sources by 2030. To achieve this goal, the country will need to increase its current renewable electricity capacity from 215 to 237 GW, according to with the Association of German Energy and Water Industries (BDEW ) is calculated. Therefore, wind and solar energy are available to everyone.
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