Non Renewable Resource Issues eBook


Non Renewable Resource Issues
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Non Renewable Resource Issues


Non Renewable Resource Issues
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Author : Richard Sinding-Larsen
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-30

Non Renewable Resource Issues written by Richard Sinding-Larsen and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-03-30 with Science categories.


All the solid fuels fossil energy and mineral commodities we use come out of the Earth. Modern society is increasingly dependent on mineral and fossil energy sources. They differ in availability, cost of production, and geographical distribution. Even if solid fuels, fossil energy resources and mineral commodities are non-renewable, the extracted metals can to a large extent be recycled and used again and again. Although the stock of these secondary resources and their use increases, the world still needs and will continue to need primary mineral resources for the foreseeable future. Growing demands have begun to restrict availability of these resources. The Earth is not running out of critical mineral resources – at least for the near future – but the ability to explore and extract these resources is being restricted in many regions by competing land use, as well as political and environmental issues. Extraction of natural resources requires a clear focus on sustainable development, involving economic, environmental and socio-cultural aspects. Although we do not know what the most important resources will be in 100 years from now, we can be quite certain that society will still need energy and a wide range of raw materials. These resources will include oil and gas, coal, uranium, thorium, geothermal, metallic minerals, industrial and specialty minerals, including cement, raw materials, rare-earth elements. A global approach for assessing the magnitude and future availability of these resources is called for – an approach that, with appropriate international collaboration, was started within the triennium of the International Year of Planet Earth. Some global mineral resource assessments, involving inter-governmental collaboration, have already been initiated. The International Year of Planet Earth helped to focus attention on how the geosciences can generate prosperity locally and globally, as well as sustainability issues in both developed and developing countries.



Non Renewable Resource Issues


Non Renewable Resource Issues
How to DOWNLOAD

Author : Richard Sinding-Larsen
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-31

Non Renewable Resource Issues written by Richard Sinding-Larsen and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-03-31 with Science categories.


All the solid fuels fossil energy and mineral commodities we use come out of the Earth. Modern society is increasingly dependent on mineral and fossil energy sources. They differ in availability, cost of production, and geographical distribution. Even if solid fuels, fossil energy resources and mineral commodities are non-renewable, the extracted metals can to a large extent be recycled and used again and again. Although the stock of these secondary resources and their use increases, the world still needs and will continue to need primary mineral resources for the foreseeable future. Growing demands have begun to restrict availability of these resources. The Earth is not running out of critical mineral resources – at least for the near future – but the ability to explore and extract these resources is being restricted in many regions by competing land use, as well as political and environmental issues. Extraction of natural resources requires a clear focus on sustainable development, involving economic, environmental and socio-cultural aspects. Although we do not know what the most important resources will be in 100 years from now, we can be quite certain that society will still need energy and a wide range of raw materials. These resources will include oil and gas, coal, uranium, thorium, geothermal, metallic minerals, industrial and specialty minerals, including cement, raw materials, rare-earth elements. A global approach for assessing the magnitude and future availability of these resources is called for – an approach that, with appropriate international collaboration, was started within the triennium of the International Year of Planet Earth. Some global mineral resource assessments, involving inter-governmental collaboration, have already been initiated. The International Year of Planet Earth helped to focus attention on how the geosciences can generate prosperity locally and globally, as well as sustainability issues in both developed and developing countries.



Challenges In Renewable Natural Resources


Challenges In Renewable Natural Resources
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Author : Robert Theobald
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1979

Challenges In Renewable Natural Resources written by Robert Theobald and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1979 with Renewable natural resources categories.


This items is the product of a conference held January 22-25, 1979 by the USDA and other agencies to increase understanding of possibilities and problems within the future of renewable natural resources. The conference was designed to be an "experience" and is not presented as a standard proceeding.



Energy Resources And Systems


Energy Resources And Systems
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Author : Tushar K. Ghosh
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-27

Energy Resources And Systems written by Tushar K. Ghosh and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-06-27 with Business & Economics categories.


This second volume of Energy Resources and Systems is focused on renewable energy resources. Renewable energy mainly comes from wind, solar, hydropower, geothermal, ocean, bioenergy, ethanol and hydrogen. Each of these energy resources is important and growing. For example, high-head hydroelectric energy is a well established energy resource and already contributes about 20% of the world’s electricity. Some countries have significant high-head resources and produce the bulk of their electrical power by this method. However, the bulk of the world’s high-head hydroelectric resources have not been exploited, particularly by the underdeveloped countries. Low-head hydroelectric is unexploited and has the potential to be a growth area. Wind energy is the fastest growing of the renewable energy resources for the electricity generation. Solar energy is a popular renewable energy resource. Geothermal energy is viable near volcanic areas. Bioenergy and ethanol have grown in recent years primarily due to changes in public policy meant to encourage its usage. Energy policies stimulated the growth of ethanol, for example, with the unintended side effect of rise in food prices. Hydrogen has been pushed as a transportation fuel. The authors want to provide a comprehensive series of texts on the interlinking of the nature of energy resources, the systems that utilize them, the environmental effects, the socioeconomic impact, the political aspects and governing policies. Volume 1 on Fundamentals and Non Renewable Resources was published in 2009. It blends fundamental concepts with an understanding of the non-renewable resources that dominate today’s society. The authors are now working on Volume 3, on nuclear advanced energy resources and nuclear batteries, consists of fusion, space power systems, nuclear energy conversion, nuclear batteries and advanced power, fuel cells and energy storage. Volume 4 will cover environmental effects, remediation and policy. Solutions to providing long term, stable and economical energy is a complex problem, which links social, economical, technical and environmental issues. It is the goal of the four volume Energy Resources and Systems series to tell the whole story and provide the background required by students of energy to understand the complex nature of the problem and the importance of linking social, economical, technical and environmental issues.



Non Renewable Resources Extraction Programs And Markets


Non Renewable Resources Extraction Programs And Markets
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Author : J. Hartwick
language : en
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date : 2013-10-08

Non Renewable Resources Extraction Programs And Markets written by J. Hartwick and has been published by Routledge this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-10-08 with Business & Economics categories.


Considers the role of economics in discussions about the depletion of finite stocks of natural resources including oil.



Renewable Natural Resources


Renewable Natural Resources
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Author : Dennis Little
language : en
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date : 2019-07-11

Renewable Natural Resources written by Dennis Little and has been published by Routledge this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-07-11 with Political Science categories.


Enormous in scope, this book presents in comprehensive and logical form the sum of our national knowledge about renewable energy resources. It deals with these resources in terms of opportunities and dangers, in terms of current availability and possible expansion, in terms of how natural resources relate to human resources and needs, and in terms of their replacement potential for nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels. It also puts domestic resources and needs into the context of international needs, supplies, and policies, emphasizing the issues facing an interdependent world and the urgent requirements perceived by countries less endowed than the United States. This is a handbook for the concerned citizen as well as for resource managers and policymakers at local, regional, and national levels. The analyses it contains underscore the fact that there are no easy answers: everything is part of an interlocking system, and every decision will affect multiple aspects of our daily lives and indeed our very existence. The authors emphasize the crucial importance of early planning, balanced management, and timely decisions, while suggesting that something more is required—a new ideology and a new educational approach.



Encyclopedia Of Energy Natural Resource And Environmental Economics


Encyclopedia Of Energy Natural Resource And Environmental Economics
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Author :
language : en
Publisher: Newnes
Release Date : 2013-03-29

Encyclopedia Of Energy Natural Resource And Environmental Economics written by and has been published by Newnes this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-03-29 with Business & Economics categories.


Every decision about energy involves its price and cost. The price of gasoline and the cost of buying from foreign producers; the price of nuclear and hydroelectricity and the costs to our ecosystems; the price of electricity from coal-fired plants and the cost to the atmosphere. Giving life to inventions, lifestyle changes, geopolitical shifts, and things in-between, energy economics is of high interest to Academia, Corporations and Governments. For economists, energy economics is one of three subdisciplines which, taken together, compose an economic approach to the exploitation and preservation of natural resources: energy economics, which focuses on energy-related subjects such as renewable energy, hydropower, nuclear power, and the political economy of energy resource economics, which covers subjects in land and water use, such as mining, fisheries, agriculture, and forests environmental economics, which takes a broader view of natural resources through economic concepts such as risk, valuation, regulation, and distribution Although the three are closely related, they are not often presented as an integrated whole. This Encyclopedia has done just that by unifying these fields into a high-quality and unique overview. The only reference work that codifies the relationships among the three subdisciplines: energy economics, resource economics and environmental economics. Understanding these relationships just became simpler! Nobel Prize Winning Editor-in-Chief (joint recipient 2007 Peace Prize), Jason Shogren, has demonstrated excellent team work again, by coordinating and steering his Editorial Board to produce a cohesive work that guides the user seamlessly through the diverse topics This work contains in equal parts information from and about business, academic, and government perspectives and is intended to serve as a tool for unifying and systematizing research and analysis in business, universities, and government